Full Review: Among the things I love, three rank highly: '80s music, '80s cartoons and grappling. Pony Club Grappling Gear, as you can probably tell from the name, manage to combine all three with their fabulously kitschy artwork. I've stuck the PCGG patch on my BJJ-patchified hoody and have been proudly wearing the t-shirt for several months. However, despite the fantastically bright logo, the PCGG t-shirts are currently available in the 'safe' colours of black, grey and white. It's an understandable move for a new company, but I was therefore very excited about the distinctly not-grey 'Jessica' grappling tights.
The company was founded in Australia by Reem Fekri, who late last year earned her BJJ blue belt there, under Eduardo Dias and Ricardo Franca at Garra BJJ. Fekri studied at several universities in the UK and has a background in art and journalism, which no doubt served her well when both deciding on the design ethos and promoting Pony Club Grappling Gear. It might also explain neat little details, like the quote running along the waistband of the tights. Fekri is currently based in Dubai.
These are the first grappling tights I've either worn or reviewed, meaning I can't help doing some research into their history (to skip my waffling on that topic and get to the discussion of the Jessica tights, click here). In an effort to find the earliest mention of 'compression leggings' on the net, I limited the search to between 1980 and 1995. That brings up two results, both medical. The first, a pdf from the NHS, has been updated multiple times. It states - under the heading of 'Caesarean section' - that "compression leggings or boots, should be fitted to all women."
a piece on MayoClinic.com about how compression tights can alleviate deep vein thrombosis. I am sure they don't mean the kind of tights you'd see in grappling, but the principle that "pressure helps reduce the chances that your blood will pool and clot" sounds reasonable (I know there is at least one qualified medical practitioner potentially reading this, so feel free to chip in if you have any thoughts ;D).
Daylong.co.uk goes into further depth about a variety of conditions that it claims compression gear can combat. Reassuringly, there is a list of sources at the bottom of the article, but not being scientifically trained, I can't vouch for their legitimacy:
- Research in flight attendants showed that wearing light level support stockings and tights resulted in a significant reduction in tired, aching legs with discomfort and swelling also reduced.
- Several studies have shown that wearing correctly fitted compression garments does prevent post-thrombotic syndrome, a serious and sometimes life-threatening complication of deep vein thrombosis.
- Professionally manufactured compression garments, made to prescription, have been shown to reduce healing time in leg ulcers.
- In cases of serious injury, such as spinal cord injury, where patients are unable to move their legs, using medical grade compression garments helps to keep the leg veins in better condition, reducing the risk of deep vein thrombosis.
- Compression, prescribed as part of complex decongestive therapy for lymphoedema has been shown to reduce pain and swelling and increase the use of the hands and fingers
More recently, you can see articles about tights in the context of sport, such as basketball. The activities I would normally think of with regards to tight leggings would be cycling and athletics. I could see quite a few tights on show in the Olympics coverage last year. Indeed, RunnersWorld talked about it in 2005, stating that:
It's well known that tights can help you run warmer; now, some high-tech models may help you run better, too. This new generation of tights uses compression to support the major muscle groups, allowing them to function more efficiently and recover more quickly.
"It’s based on the science, or art, of kinesiotaping," says John Wilson of Wacoal Sports Science, makers of the CW-X tights. "It’s what athletic trainers have been doing for years to support athletes’ muscles, and in Japan [where the product originated] it’s evolved into an art form."
floral number modelled by the future Governor of Minnesota on the June 1982 cover of Pro Wrestling Illustrated would not look out of place in a Pony Club Grappling Gear catalogue.
I would guess that the use of grappling tights in nogi and BJJ emerged from the strong connection between pro-wrestling and MMA in Japan (especially as Japan is name-checked in the RunnersWorld piece above as well), but that's just an assumption. From what I can google, it appears pro-wrestling took off in Japan during the '50s, thanks to Korean-born sumotori Mitsuhiro Momota, better known as Rikidozan. Based on these pictures, he was another fan of wearing tights.
A couple of decades later, Antonio Inoki (who famously kicked away at Muhammad Ali's legs in 1976) created 'New Japan Wrestling'. Nobuhiko Takada, who would cross over into the MMA world with PRIDE FC, debuted in Inoki's promotion back in 1980. Searching through PuroresuCentral.com, there were numerous tights afficionados at New Japan Wrestling, such as Mitsuharu Misawa and Toshiaki Kawada, who both also emerged in the early '80s.
The person who is probably the most famous proponent of tights for grappling comes from Japanese MMA: Shinya Aoki. His attire was presumably influenced by pro-wrestlers like Misawa and Kawada. The chaps from GiReviews.net point to a useful Aoki tights timeline. In that list, it appears Aoki started wearing his now trademark tights at PRIDE Bushido 12, an event held on the 26th August 2006.
earlier Aoki fight on the 19th December 2004 at Smack Girl, Yuki Kondo was wearing a pair of black and red tights. This would make sense if I'm right in thinking that the use of tights came from Japanese pro-wrestlers shifting into MMA. Kondo was probably not the first grappler to pull on a pair of tights in an MMA fight either, given Japanese wrestlers had been wearing them since at least the '50s. Perhaps if MMA ever becomes popular in Mexico, lucha libre could act as a similar tights-tastic influence. :)
I did not see tights gain much traction in the UK grappling scene until Matt Benyon - at least partially inspired by Aoki, as far as I'm aware - started selling them, using the term 'spats'. He can probably lay claim to being the originator of that description in the UK, in the context of BJJ and nogi (most people would associate 'spats' with '20s gangsters from Chicago, so I'm not sure how it came to also mean 'grappling tights'). Other UK based fightwear companies - like Tatami Fightwear and Black Eagle, then more recently Strike Fightwear - followed suit. Grappling spats are now relatively easy to get hold of, although shorts remain the typical method for covering your legs in no gi.
The sizing of the 'Jessica' grappling tights/spats is potentially confusing if, like me, you're not used to wearing spats (well, aside from the occasional drunken night out at university in drag, but those tights would not hold up to sparring ;D). That's because Pony Club Grappling Gear tights will stretch a long way. I normally wear trousers that have a 30" waist, which I thought meant that the Medium size of grappling spats (29") would be the logical choice. The other sizes are Extra Small (23"), Small (26") and Large (32").
After emailing Reem, she suggested the Small rather than a Medium. The Small has turned out to be a good fit. The elasticated waistband does not slice into your flesh, though the spats are certainly snug on your legs. I'd suggest being careful as you pull them up over your ankles. Over-zealous yanking could strain the stitches. Slide it on gradually to be certain you aren't going to damage anything. It may be less of an issue if you're closer to PCGG HQ, but I'd rather not have to get a replacement pair shipped from Australia any time soon. ;)
Previously I have preferred to wear gi trousers for no gi grappling: I don't like having bare knees pressing into the mat. The Pony Club Grappling Gear 'Jessica' tights perform the same function. They're obviously not as protective as the thicker material of gi trousers, but thus far it's been enough of a barrier to prevent mat burn. That should also assist in reducing infections that require broken skin to develop (as from what I understand, cuts, mat burn and other abrasions help bacteria find a route to your bloodstream).
I found it more comfortable to train without the shorts over the top. The slipperiness of the spats helped in terms of escapes, especially as the first time I wore them it was around 32 degrees celsius, due to an insane heatwave the UK was having at the time. On the flipside, one of my training partners mentioned that they found it easier to escape my triangle attempts. Of course, my triangles are pretty bad anyway, but that's worth keeping in mind.
Wearing them underneath gi trousers was a lot less sweaty than I expected. Although it was relatively hot that day, I never felt uncomfortably sticky, as often happens when I wear a rashguard under my gi jacket. In fact, quite the opposite: with the spats, I actually felt cooler. I also felt more fluid than usual, which I wasn't expecting. That could have just been psychological, but it felt like the spats enhanced my movement, particularly sliding through for guard passes and transitions.
I didn't notice any shrinkage: measuring them without stretching them at all, the spats remained at 88cm long (69cm inseam), with a waist width of 31cm and ankle width of 10cm. If I yanked them between both hands, then I could without much pressure extend the length to 110cm, the waist to 45cm and the ankle cuffs to 18cm. If you really pushed it, I'm sure that would increase considerably, but I didn't want to risk damaging them.
Initially it might be surprising to read (in this interview with Reem) that 80% of Pony Club Grappling Gear customers are male. However, that makes sense when you consider that the sports where you might wear grappling tights - MMA, BJJ, submission wrestling - unfortunately suffer from a massive gender imbalance. To make up some arbitrary figures, let's imagine 5% of the people in those sports are female. If only 15% of the remaining 95% are interested in Pony Club Grappling Gear, those men are still going to form the overwhelming majority of its customer base, even if every single female grappler buys some awesome unicorn spats. At least I think that works: I was always terrible at maths. ;)
She-Ra, which would be appropriate: not only was She-Ra a powerful warrior, she flew around on a rainbow-winged unicorn. I would definitely rock She-Ra Swift Wind spats. Make it happen, Reem! ;D
Comparing the cost, I can see other popular spats priced at $54, $59, $69 and $79, so Pony Club Grappling Gear's price of $65 (around £42 at current exchange rates) sounds fairly reasonable. Having said that, it would need to be shipped from Australia, regardless whether it is light enough to presumably qualify for a lower rate. The Jessica is available to buy (while stocks last) here, for $65. For a slightly lower $50, you can plump for the less flashy Yang and Bader spats.