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This website is about Brazilian jiu jitsu (BJJ). I'm a brown belt who started in 2006, teaching and training at Artemis BJJ in Bristol, UK. All content ©2004-2016 Can Sönmez

25 April 2018

25/04/2018 - Teaching | Side Control | Guard Recovery

Teaching #774
Artemis BJJ (MYGYM Bristol), Can Sönmez, Bristol, UK - 25/04/2018

Short Version:
  • From your frame, bridge and shrimp
  • Bring your knee across their stomach, push to square your body back up
  • Hook their arm, grabbing your opposite shoulder, to stop them pushing your knee
  • Put your foot on the mat between their knee, use that to shrimp
  • Keep shrimping if you need more space to get back to guard

Full Version: First thing to note is that they will want to kill your near arm. This is bad for you, because it means you can't stop them shifting up towards your head. From there, they can make as much space as they want and pass to mount. So, you need to get your arm inside, the forearm pressing against their hip: this is more reliable than using your hand, as they can potentially still bring their body onto your hand and collapse it, especially if you're grabbing the gi (given the loose material). The forearm into the hip will help block their movement, and initiate your attempts to create some space. It should also help you block them moving to north south, as if you clamp your arm by their side, your body will move with them if they try to switch position.

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Be aware that having your forearm by their hip like that does leave you more open to the cross-face. So, you could potentially block inside their cross-facing arm instead, which will prevent their shoulder pressure. This is the Saulo method from his book, which has advantages, but personally I prefer to block the hip.

With your other hand, grab the gi material by their shoulder, close to their neck, then pull down. You're aiming to use the lower part of your forearm. Twist that arm up into their neck, keeping your elbow in: you need to be tight here, as otherwise they will go for a figure four on that arm. Once you've got the forearm into their neck, they can't press down into you, as they'll essentially be choking themselves. Note that this is a block: you don't want to start pushing and reaching, as that may leave you vulnerable. Reach too far and they can shove your arm to one side and set up an arm triangle.

Next I moved on to the legs. Your legs have two main purposes here: first, blocking your opponent getting to mount. Raise your near knee and drive it into their side. The idea is to wedge them between your knee and the arm you have by their hip. Personally, I like to keep my knee floating, glued to their side.

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That makes it easier to slip my knee under as soon as they give me any space, which is something I learned from Roger. Many people prefer to cross their foot over their knee, which is something I used to do in the past as well. However, as this long Sherdog thread discusses, that can leave you open to a footlock, and also limit your mobility. Then again, you can see it used at the highest levels, like here at the Mundials.

The second use for your legs is bridging. Marcelo Garcia has a handy tip for this (although the escape he is doing there is slightly different), related to increasing the power of your bridge. To do that, bring your heels right to your bum, then push up on your toes. That increases your range of motion, so you can really drive into them.

Make sure you turn into them as you bridge, rather than just straight up. This will help the next part, which is to shrimp out as you come back down. That's why you've created space in the first place: if you simply plopped back down, then you've wasted the opportunity. As soon as you shrimp out, slip the knee pressing into their side underneath. Note you aren't trying to lift them with your arms. Instead, you want to push off them, moving your body away rather than pushing theirs higher up. When your shin is over their stomach, you can use that to square your body up, pushing through your leg to move your head in line with theirs.

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Once your knee is through, you need to be careful they don't immediately pass by pushing down and moving around that knee, ruining all your hard work. Control their arm with your hip-bracing arm as you escape, like Roy Dean demonstrates in Blue Belt Requirements. Bring your arm just above their elbow, reaching across to your opposite shoulder. That will stop them pushing down on your knee, as their arm is trapped. With your free arm, grab their head to control their posture.

To get your knee out from under them, you'll be looking to shrimp in the direction you want your leg to go. Bring your leg over their back, on the side where you aren't controlling their arm. Get your other foot to mat, using the base you gain from that post to shrimp out. That should normally be enough to free the leg and get into closed guard.

If not, you'll need to keep shrimping (and you may need to keep both feet on the floor until you have shrimped far enough that you can comfortably get your legs out). Sometimes there isn't space, in which case you can push off the shin/knee you have pressed into their stomach/hip. Keep in mind that you also have the option of going to butterfly or some other open guard, if you are really struggling to get your legs out for closed guard.

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Teaching Notes: Nothing much to add, this lesson is my most set. So, mostly a matter of remembering to include everything. I pointed out the thing about elbow inside their knee so they can't clear your arm, but didn't mention using both feet to bridge is ok if you only do it briefly. A good pointer from Saulo that's worth mentioning is with that floating knee. Due to it floating by their side, you can 'feel' what they are going to do more effectively, such as if they are going to try and move to knee on belly.

Next time, you could try Saulo's method of having his arm lying across his chest, a bit like Priit's posture. Check the BJJ Library video, something to play with in daytime class.

22 April 2018

22/04/2018- Teaching | Closed Guard | Figure 4 Bicep Guard Rolling Armbar (NoGi)

Teaching #773
Artemis BJJ (MYGYM Bristol), Can Sönmez, Bristol, UK - 22/04/2018

Good open mat and nogi class today. I tested out another figure four bicep guard option, this time a rolling armbar. You swivel through basing on your head and shoulder, shin into the back of their neck. As you roll them through, switch your leg so your instep is behind their head.

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That can be tricky to do in transition. Also, you then need to turn and get your knee over towards their legs. A few people kept either going the other way, or not going far enough towards the legs. Basing on the head caused some problems too, understandable as it's a tricky position if you're not used to wrestling.

Loads of drilling during open mat, İ wasn't sparring so I could save myself for the GrappleThon. Matt H showed me an interesting near side gi tail choke, which Oslander calls the snare. İt's nasty, but not a crank. You can do it straight off the cross face, then just loop your arm around and drop the elbow. How to make it less mean?

20 April 2018

20/04/2018 - Teaching | Side Control | North South Kimura

Teaching #772
Artemis BJJ (MYGYM Bristol), Can Sönmez, Bristol, UK - 20/04/2018

Short Version:
  • Control far arm, lock to chest
  • Pull them up onto their side
  • Step over and sit on their head
  • If necessary, switch arms, then establish figure four
  • Turn whole body to apply kimura

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Full Version: For the north south kimura, start in side control, controlling their far arm. This is made easier if they aren't careful and let you bump their arm up onto your shoulder. Often they'll put it there themselves, attempting to reach your head, enabling you to trap their arm by your shoulder. Another possibility is that they turn and try to get an underhook.

Whether they put it there or you do, the next step is to wrap your arm over theirs, aiming to get just under their elbow to kill mobility in the limb. Ideally, also pull them up by that arm, so they're rolled onto their side. To lock it in place, grab your own collar, or just somewhere on your gi if you can't reach far enough. You'll also want to use you head, clamping your skull against their forearm. Braulio advises following their arm with your head: e.g., if they try to fling it down to the mat or something like that. Don't let them work their arm past your head.

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You're also going to move round to north-south, so again you need to block their legs from running after you by putting a hand on the mat, near their bum (although it should be a bit harder for them to turn if you've locked up that arm). As you move around, you want to jam your knee into the armpit of their free arm, swivelling your lower leg under that arm as you move around. That makes it harder for them to escape. If you can't manage that, slide your knee over their free arm once you've got to north south. It is useful to maintain some kind of control on that free arm, as otherwise they can use it to try and create some space to escape.

You essentially end up sitting on their head, so in drilling, be aware that you don't want to squish your partner. You can take a bit of the weight off by transferring it to your knees: obviously in competition, that's less of a concern. As you sit up, make sure their elbow is glued to your chest.

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The next important step is to establish a figure four on their trapped arm, which can be easier said than done. One simple method Kev showed me is to put your free hand in place, ready to grab their wrist. Next, turn your head away from their arm: this will push your shoulder forwards, which will then also knock their arm forwards, putting the wrist right into your waiting hand. It's then simple to complete the figure four grip.

To finish the kimura, simply turn back in the other direction, pushing their wrist towards the side their elbow is pointing . Alternatively, you can also bring the elbow of your non-clamping arm to their trapped arm side. Turn your body so you're facing their head, then apply the kimura from that lower position.

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If you make a mistake while looking to apply the kimura from that upright position, or they simply defend well, you might find that they are able to grab their own belt or gi. This will make it tough to complete the submission. You can try pulling in the direction their knuckles are pointing, or Roy Dean's option of using rhythm to break that grip. Push their arm towards them twice, as if you are really trying to break their grip, then yank hard in the other direction (aiming for the direction in which their fingers are weakest). Lovato Jr suggests adjusting your grip so that you're holding the meat of their hand rather than their wrist. He then does two quick jerks to yank their hand free.


Teaching Notes: I am a big fan of this technique, so feel confident about the class. Emphasise pulling up on the arm to get them on their side, and that it's possible to get that control on the far arm sometimes without moving around (in which case you can pull them up right away). It was a small class of mostly experienced people, so I added in the kimura hug and mentioned the armbar, but I wouldn't normally do that.

Also, Chris had an interesting option to get the far option, where you drive the elbow backwards, into the crook of the far arm, like my efforts to break into back control. One to mention next time. :)