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This website is about Brazilian jiu jitsu (BJJ). I'm a black belt who started in 2006, teaching and training at Artemis BJJ in Bristol, UK. All content ©Can Sönmez

14 July 2017

14/07/2017 - Teaching | Closed Guard | Overhook Choke (from two-on-one grip break)

Teaching #687
Artemis BJJ (MYGYM Bristol), Can Sönmez, Bristol, UK - 14/07/2017

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The main topic I wanted to cover was breaking posture and grips, but this time how that can effectively become a guard in itself. What I call the overhook guard has a whole bunch of submissions and sweeps, but I just wanted to show how to get there for the moment.

They will probably be grabbing your gi somewhere between your chest and stomach. Grab their sleeve with one hand, then reach your other hand underneath to hold your own wrist, making a figure-four. Wrench up with your figure-four to break their grip (you could also try raising your hips then dropping them as you wrench to increase the leverage, depending where they're holding you). Bring your knees to your chest and pull their sleeve behind your head.

At the same time, swim inside and then around their arm with your other hand, so that you end up overhooking their arm. With the overhooking hand, reach through and grasp their opposite collar (if you can't reach it, grab what you can, but for setting up submissions, much better to have the far collar). Keep the elbow of your overhooking arm locked to your body, so they can't free their arm. This is a good controlling position, where you have a number of attacks: omoplata, armbar, triangle, chokes etc.

The simplest attack from here is to go for a choke. Bring your other hand over the top, grabbing around their shoulder or back. The exact position will depend on your forearm relative to their neck. You need to get that pressed in tightly to the side of their neck for the choke. Once that forearm is pressed against their neck, finish the choke by pushing into that neck, pulling on the collar with your overhooking hand.

Teaching Notes: Next time, I'll keep emphasising that you don't want your elbow to drift across, as that will end up pressing your arm into their windpipe. Similarly, keep the angle of your arm shallow. One or two people found that tricky to do while also anchoring a hand on the back of the gi: the grip is useful for controlling posture, but it is possible to choke without anchoring the hand like that. However, you'd have to be very wary of them recovering their posture. Finally, don't let go of the sleeve you've pulled behind your head until you've locked in your overhook by grabbing their collar. Otherwise, it's like trying to swing to a new rope without still having a grip on the old one. ;)

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