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This website is about Brazilian jiu jitsu (BJJ). I'm a brown belt who started in 2006, teaching and training at Artemis BJJ in Bristol, UK. All content ©2004-2016 Can Sönmez

13 June 2018

13/06/2018 - Teaching | Half Guard | Shoulder in Stomach

Teaching #785
Artemis BJJ (MYGYM Bristol), Can Sönmez, Bristol, UK - 13/06/2018

On top of half guard, your opening goal is to get them flat on the mat: there are passes you can do while they are on their side, but generally speaking it is much easier if their back is pinned to the floor. A simple method, drawing on the Ribeiro brothers, is to drive your free knee into their hip, block their head with your same side arm, then step your trapped leg up and away from you. Having generated some space, drive the trapped knee forwards as your return it to the mat, which should also help you drive your opponent to the mat as well.

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If you are able to get the cross-face and an underhook, there is now the option of generating lots of shoulder pressure. This is the simplest way I've learned to pass the half guard: both Saulo and his brother refer to this as the 'esgrima pass', but I call it the shoulder pressure pass in the interests of clarity. Cross-face their head (if you can't get the cross-face, you can also use your own head), so that they can't turn in that direction. Put your own head on the other side (or your arm, if you're already using your head to cross-face), locking their head into place: your shoulder and head work together to form a vice. Combined with your underhook, it should now become hard for them to move their upper body, because their head is stuck.

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From here, come up on your feet so that all your weight is driving through your shoulder. Even if you're small, this should maximise your weight. I'm only 66kgs, but if I can get all of that weight against somebody's head, it becomes more significant. From there, bounce your trapped knee to wriggle it free (if you're having trouble and need additional leverage, rotate your free leg back to hook their leg with your instep). As soon as it is clear of their legs, twist in the direction of your cross-facing arm and put that knee on the mat. You can then kick their leg off your foot: some people prefer to kick the top leg, but I would generally go for the bottom leg. Turning your hips to the ceiling can also help if you're struggling to get that foot loose.

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An alternative method, which I've come to prefer, is to position yourself slightly lower on their body. Rather than relying on a cross face and underhook, put your head down by their hip. Your shoulder still generates the pressure, but this time into their stomach rather than their head. Your arm on the opposite side clamps by their other hip, with your hand behind you (almost as if you're putting yourself into a kimura position). This leaves your other hand free to shove their leg down, making the pass easier than with the other version that occupies both arms.

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Teaching Notes: Works well, but need head to hip, arm almost kimuraing yourself to get the point of the shoulder driving in. Bum in the air is key, plus placement of shoulder on stomach, NOT sternum or ribs.

Twisting pass, stick to point with is handy! Can then highlight where to put your knee through. Avoid raising up on knee switch, but not totally essential. Only need point of knee into hip, or shin on bottom leg (blocking top leg is counter productive. Can also scoot back to push with foot if need to, but tough to maintain crossfacing when doing that.

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