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This website is about Brazilian jiu jitsu (BJJ). I'm a black belt who started in 2006, teaching and training at Artemis BJJ in Bristol, UK. All content ©Can Sönmez

20 August 2014

20/08/2014 - Teaching | Women's Class | Technical Mount

Teaching #185
Bristol Sports Centre (Artemis BJJ), Can Sönmez, Bristol, UK - 20/08/2014

We went through some more details on mount at tonight's women's class. Sometimes, the person underneath your mount will turn to their front, although normally this will only happen when they're still inexperienced. With a few more classes under their belt, they will only turn as far as their side, prying out your knee with an elbow: as a result, it's called the elbow escape. Either way, the same technique applies to both: shifting to what's known as technical mount. Put your hands on either side of their head, using them as your base points. Putting your weight onto your hands, twist your body, sliding the knee nearest their back up towards their head. Your other heel clamps in tight to their hip. Sit back on the heel behind them, bringing your upper body close to their head.

BJJ Bristol Artemis Brazilian Jiu Jitsu - The BackIf they continue turning to their front (if they've only recently started BJJ, for example, or some judoka have this habit too due to judo competition rules), use the foot your have by their hip to act as your first 'hook' for another position, back mount. Insert that hook, digging your heel into their inner thigh, or if possible, wrap your instep under their inner thigh for control. Your other foot will do the same (somebody more experienced will block that, but as we'll cover in another class, there are ways around their block). Next, establish a seat belt grip, where you have one arm over their shoulder, the other underneath their arm pit. Link your hands or grab your wrist: with the combination of your seat belt and your hooks, you can now 'ride' them whichever way they turn.

If they manage to knock off one of your hooks, you can make a simple adjustment to retake the mount. It will be tough to regain your back mount from here, especially if they've moved over your leg. As soon as you feel their hip move past your knee, bring your remaining hook over their body and clamp the heel to their far hip. Make sure it is providing you with enough control that they can't simply shrug you off. Pull out your elbow for base (as it will probably still be under their head, making it hard to complete this movement), then turn and slide through into mount, using your heel for leverage.

Teaching Notes: Although I ended up including quite a bit of technique, this is nevertheless a simplified version of the technical mount class I normally teach, as it is a step earlier in the process. By the time I teach people mount in the mixed class, it is rare anybody turns belly-down under mount because they're too aware of getting choked. However, a complete beginner who has never seen back mount won't know that: as the women's class regularly gets new people checking out the class, keeping that possibility in mind makes sense.

So, I didn't include the section I would usually include about technical mount, which is when more experienced opponents look to pry your knee away with an elbow, moving into the aforementioned elbow escape. If that happens, twist to one side and raise your knee. Pull their arm up with whatever you can grab (e.g., sleeve, wrist etc), then reinsert your knee. I've seen Rob S teach grabbing their sleeve with your opposite hand, while Mauricio likes to grab the elbow with their opposite hand and Felipe essentially shifts to technical mount for a moment.

I need to emphasise sitting back when you move into technical mount, as a few people were leaving some space. It's not intuitive, so worth pointing out. Similarly, I could talk more about the basics of maintaining the back, in terms of keeping your chest tight to their upper back, with your head next to theirs. I mentioned it during drilling, but I could bring that in during the demonstration as it doesn't take a moment.

I was considering if I should include the Galvao back retake, but decided against it. For next time, that's a method you can use to go right from technical mount to the back, whether or not they turn in one direction or the other. Simply drop back from technical mount, rolling them over the knee you have near their head. Again, the foot you had by their hip becomes your first hook, so you just need to bring the second hook over.

The same kind of motion works as a method of retaking the back if you lose one hook, so it has some versatility. In the context of retaking the back, the time to use this is before they get their shoulders to the mat. They've managed to clear one of your hooks and started bringing their hips over. Before they can get their shoulders to the mat, press your chest into their shoulder and roll them onto their side, in the direction they were escaping. You'll probably need to balance on your shoulder and head to get into the right position.

As they have cleared one of your legs, you should be able to then slide that knee behind their head (you might need to post on an arm, but see if you can do it without releasing your seatbelt grip). Sit back and roll them over your knee, then re-establish your second hook. You can keep doing that from side to side as a drill.

There were lots of good questions from the women attending, which I'll keep in mind, such as whether to insert your hook first or establish your seat belt. Marcelo Garcia feels the seat belt is the most important element of back control, but in the context of the simple back take when they turn belly down, your hook is right there so you might as well do that first., like hands or hook first, how to get second hook in (Marcelo hip thrust). I was also asked about how to get your second hook in if they were blocking: the answer is the Marcelo 'hip extension', which I teach in another lesson.

Next up was the mixed class, where I taught some basic spider guard.

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