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This website is about Brazilian jiu jitsu (BJJ). I'm a black belt who started in 2006, teaching and training at Artemis BJJ in Bristol, UK. All content ©Can Sönmez

05 August 2016

05/08/2016 - Teaching | Closed Guard | Overhook Choke (from two-on-one grip break)

Teaching #541
Artemis BJJ (MYGYM Bristol), Can Sönmez, Bristol, UK - 05/08/2016

A photo posted by Artemis BJJ (@artemisbjj) on

The main topic I wanted to cover was breaking posture and grips, but this time how that can effectively become a guard in itself. What I call the overhook guard has a whole bunch of submissions and sweeps, but I just wanted to show how to get there for the moment.

They will probably be grabbing your gi somewhere between your chest and stomach. Grab their sleeve with one hand, then reach your other hand underneath to hold your own wrist, making a figure-four. Wrench up with your figure-four to break their grip (you could also try raising your hips then dropping them as you wrench to increase the leverage, depending where they're holding you). Bring your knees to your chest and pull their sleeve behind your head.

At the same time, swim inside and then around their arm with your other hand, so that you end up overhooking their arm. With the overhooking hand, reach through and grasp their opposite collar (if you can't reach it, grab what you can, but for setting up submissions, much better to have the far collar). Keep the elbow of your overhooking arm locked to your body, so they can't free their arm. This is a good controlling position, where you have a number of attacks: omoplata, armbar, triangle, chokes etc.

The simplest attack from here is to go for a choke. Bring your other hand over the top, grabbing around their shoulder or back. The exact position will depend on your forearm relative to their neck. You need to get that pressed in tightly to the side of their neck for the choke. Once that forearm is pressed against their neck, finish the choke by pushing into that neck, pulling on the collar with your overhooking hand.

Teaching Notes: The main thing is getting the forearm close to their neck. I tend to grip near the shoulderblade, but it will vary depending on the perosn. I also need to make sure people aren't angling their arm too much, or they end up pressing into the windpipe rather than the side of their neck. Another question I hadn't considered as much is getting a grip with the overhook, especially if you have shorter arms. I think for that, it becomes a matter of angle, like when you are looking for a standard palm up palm up choke.

I know there are lots of attacks from here, but I'll need to review them if I'm going to teach more than just the triangle. I'll probably stick with that for Monday, as we did it at Ana's seminar recently, but I'd like to fit in some others if I can. An armbar would be good, as then I can combine that with the stuff from Chris Haueter I'm intending to show either later this week or next week.

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