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This website is about Brazilian jiu jitsu (BJJ). I'm a black belt who started in 2006, teaching and training at Artemis BJJ in Bristol, UK. All content ©Can Sönmez

29 January 2018

29/01/2018 - Teaching | Half Guard | Pressure Pass

Teaching #749
Artemis BJJ (MYGYM Bristol), Can Sönmez, Bristol, UK - 29/01/2018

On top of half guard, your opening goal is to get them flat on the mat: there are passes you can do while they are on their side, but generally speaking it is much easier if their back is pinned to the floor. A simple method, drawing on the Ribeiro brothers, is to drive your free knee into their hip, block their head with your same side arm, then step your trapped leg up and away from you. Having generated some space, drive the trapped knee forwards as your return it to the mat, which should also help you drive your opponent to the mat as well.

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If you are able to get the cross-face and an underhook, there is now the option of generating lots of shoulder pressure. This is the simplest way I've learned to pass the half guard: both Saulo and his brother refer to this as the 'esgrima pass', but I call it the shoulder pressure pass in the interests of clarity. Cross-face their head (if you can't get the cross-face, you can also use your own head), so that they can't turn in that direction. Put your own head on the other side (or your arm, if you're already using your head to cross-face), locking their head into place: your shoulder and head work together to form a vice. Combined with your underhook, it should now become hard for them to move their upper body, because their head is stuck.

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From here, come up on your feet so that all your weight is driving through your shoulder. Even if you're small, this should maximise your weight. I'm only 66kgs, but if I can get all of that weight against somebody's head, it becomes more significant. From there, bounce your trapped knee to wriggle it free (if you're having trouble and need additional leverage, rotate your free leg back to hook their leg with your instep). As soon as it is clear of their legs, twist in the direction of your cross-facing arm and put that knee on the mat. You can then kick their leg off your foot: some people prefer to kick the top leg, but I would generally go for the bottom leg. Turning your hips to the ceiling can also help if you're struggling to get that foot loose.

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Teaching Notes: I think people were bringing their head a bit too high, meaning they were asking about guillotines (though I don't think that is a major risk in half guard anyway). Head/shoulder shoulder be in solar plexus pinning them, meaning that they aren't able to reach a proper guillotine if you've got that pressure dialled in. Still, that's something to think about when prepping this class.

Don't forget to double check the Saulo follow he shows on BJJ Library, particularly the point where you flick you leg over. I'll also need to update the text above if I'm going to make Saulo's follow up a regular part of this lesson (where he adjusts to get a cross face and then drives through to mount).

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