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This website is about Brazilian jiu jitsu (BJJ). I'm a brown belt who started in 2006, teaching and training at Artemis BJJ in Bristol, UK. All content ©2004-2016 Can Sönmez

30 January 2019

30/01/2019 - Teaching | Closed Guard | Overhook Choke (from two-on-one grip break)

Teaching #832
Artemis BJJ (MYGYM Bristol), Can Sönmez, Bristol, UK - 30/01/2019



What I call the overhook guard has a whole bunch of submissions and sweeps, but I just wanted to show how to get there for the moment, finishing off with a simple choke.

They will probably be grabbing your gi somewhere between your chest and stomach. Grab their sleeve with one hand, then reach your other hand underneath to hold your own wrist, making a figure-four. Wrench up with your figure-four to break their grip (you could also try raising your hips then dropping them as you wrench to increase the leverage, depending where they're holding you). Bring your knees to your chest and pull their sleeve behind your head.



At the same time, swim inside and then around their arm with your other hand, so that you end up overhooking their arm. With the overhooking hand, reach through and grasp their opposite collar (if you can't reach it, grab what you can, but for setting up submissions, much better to have the far collar). Keep the elbow of your overhooking arm locked to your body, so they can't free their arm. This is a good controlling position, where you have a number of attacks: omoplata, armbar, triangle, chokes etc.

The simplest attack from here is to go for a choke. Bring your other hand over the top, grabbing around their shoulder or back. The exact position will depend on your forearm relative to their neck. You need to get that pressed in tightly to the side of their neck for the choke. Make sure your elbow doesn't drift across, keeping your arm at a shallow angle. Otherwise, you'll end up driving your arm into their windpipe, rather than the artery you want. Once your forearm is pressed against the right spot on their neck, finish the choke by pushing into that artery, pulling on the collar with your overhooking hand.

You've got a number of potential follow ups, which I go through in other lessons (e.g., sweeps, triangle set up, etc).


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Teaching Notes: I think this class went as planned, with the parts I expected to need emphasis. So I can do this the same way next time, again emphasising the angle of the arm and keeping that elbow pinned to the side. Also, a number of people were asking about the depth of the collar grip, which I think varies.

I gave the usual answer that it's always the same bit of the collar that applies that side of the choke, so where you grab is just to anchor and will vary depending on the person. Something to focus on when practicing next time though, to see if I can work out a rough measurement (e.g., collar bone, chest, etc).

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