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This website is about Brazilian jiu jitsu (BJJ). I'm a purple belt who started in 2006, teaching and training at Artemis BJJ in Bristol, UK. All content ©2004-2016 Can Sönmez

06 September 2017

06/09/2017 - Teaching | Back | Bow & Arrow Choke

Teaching #700
Artemis BJJ (MYGYM Bristol), Can Sönmez, Bristol, UK - 06/09/2017

Tonight, it was time for the signature move at Artemis BJJ, the bow and arrow. Starting from standard back control with a seat-bet grip, you open up their collar with the hand you have under their armpit. Fold it over (a handy tip from James '300' Foster), then grip it with the hand you have over their shoulder. Don't grip too high, or you'll lack the range to finish the choke.

Next you want to get hold of their non-choking side leg. If you're having trouble grabbing it, Dónal suggests using your same side heel to dig in by their knee, curling your leg back. That should bring their trouser leg in range for you to grab with your free hand, establishing a good anchor point. You then want to swivel your body, in order to get your leg-grabbing side foot to the outside of their other thigh.

I tend to push off their non-grabbed leg side thigh with my same side foot, to help me move my other foot over. Once you've got that foot locked in place, you want to keep it there to block them from trying to turn into an escape. Along with your initial grip on their leg, that hook with your foot gives you better leverage to move into the main choking position.

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To get there, swing out your non-hooking leg. You want to end up with your opponent's head on the thigh of that leg you just swung out. Tuck the elbow of your choking arm back by your hip, as pulling on the elbow is one of the main escapes. To finish, pull your hand down (like you were cracking a whip), pressing your forearm into their head (you can drive with your shoulder too). If that doesn't work, you can try increasing the range by gripping with less fingers (though this does make your grip weaker). Putting a leg over their shoulder and then crossing your feet can give you more leverage, as you can then thrust your hips up into the choke.

If that still isn't getting the choke, try bringing the hand that was gripping their leg behind their head, driving it through to push their head forward as you lock in the choke. For even more leverage, you can bring it under their arm. That then sets you up for yet another follow-up submission: the armbar is right there from that position.
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Teaching Notes: There were a few that couldn't get the leverage, but locking the feet over the shoulder solved that. Fishing rod is possibly not the best, cracking a whip is better, I should remember that next time. It's a more universal metaphor, I think. Not going too hard on the grip is worth emphasising (which I did, but still, keep doing that ;D), to both avoid turning it into a neck crank and your grips getting burned out.

As Paul was away, I covered the intermediate class too. I took the opportunity to go through a few follow-ups to the bow and arrow, including Chad's lapel choke, where he pulls it out and then over the shoulder. I didn't get a good angle on the video though, which is a shame: must remember to turn more next time I show the follow ups to this (or if I teach them again from technical mount, like last time). On the hand behind the head choke, fingertips to the mat. For Chad's one, there was a question of whether you lose your grip or not: I don't think so, as you're pulling that gi out, meaning the gi acts as the control rather than your arm blocking the armpit.

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